CRA Vehicle Allowance Rules For Employers
Whether your employees drive company cars or their personal vehicles for business, they generally expect to be compensated for work-related car expenses.
Paying out a vehicle allowance is tax-free for your business if done under specific regulations (as reimbursements are deductible business costs), and it also helps your company pay less tax.
In the sections below, we'll go through the CRA vehicle allowance requirements for employers and business owners, as well as your options and best practices for a mileage allowance program.
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CRA rules for vehicle allowances
The CRA considers an allowance to be any payment to employees for their business-related use of a personal vehicle. Vehicle allowances are paid out with employees’ salaries and are taxable unless based on the reasonable CRA vehicle expenses per km rate.
The CRA considers an allowance “reasonable”, which means it will not be taxed when it fulfils the following criteria:
- The allowance is paid out only for the number of business-related kilometres of employees
- You use a reasonable per-kilometre rate - at or slightly lower than the official CRA vehicle allowance rates
- You haven’t provided any other employee reimbursement for the same business usage of the vehicle
If the employee reimbursement you provide meets all the aforementioned criteria, you will not need to deduct income tax, EI premiums or CPP contributions.
Any vehicle allowance you pay out that does not meet these criteria should be taxed.
Instances the CRA considers vehicle allowances taxable
- You provide a per-kilometre rate that is too high compared to the reasonable per-kilometre CRA rates for vehicle expenses of employees.
- You provide a rate that is too low compared to the official CRA vehicle allowance rates.
- You provide an allowance at a flat rate which is not based on the number of business kilometres employees have driven.
In all instances, the CRA will consider the vehicle allowance a benefit, and you will have to deduct income, pension and insurance tax from it.
In these situations, employees might be able to claim their vehicle expenses from the CRA on their tax returns.
Employees using company-provided vehicles
If an employee is using a company car, the rules are a little more complicated, depending on if you pay operating costs, if the employee is able to use the car for personal purposes, and more. Learn more about these rules here, as they will impact taxation and other costs required by the CRA.
The standard CRA vehicle allowance rate
Each year, the CRA sets a reasonable per-kilometre rate for work-related car expenses. It represents the highest rate at which you can reimburse each kilometre driven for business while still getting a tax deduction.
The same applies to your employees: when they are reimbursed at the vehicle allowance rate per kilometre, they do not pay tax off of the reimbursement.
Other methods of covering employee car expenses may be treated as income and taxed.
How much you can pay for vehicle expenses per kilometre
You can choose to use a different cents per km rate than the CRA official, but most companies consider the CRA rate the standard. If you provide a higher per-kilometre rate for employee vehicle allowances, the CRA will consider the whole allowance taxable.
The reasonable vehicle allowance rates per km for 2022 are:
- 61 cents per km for the first 5,000 kilometres driven
- 55 cents for each km after that
The Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut have an additional 4cents per km for business-related driving.
Best practices when providing a CRA vehicle allowance
It is a good idea to have employees record their business-related kilometres. This helps your company avoid over-reported vehicle allowance claims and ensures that your employees receive what they're entitled to. Employees won’t need to keep invoices and receipts of vehicle expenses if you provide an allowance based on the CRA rate per kilometre.
How to automate your mileage logbook
CRA Mileage Guide
- Claim Motor Vehicle Expenses In 5 Steps
- Mileage Logbook Requirements
- Mileage Rates For 2021 And Previous Years
- Current CRA Mileage Rates
- For Self-Employed
- Calculate Your Reimbursement
- Is Car Allowance Taxable?
- CRA Mileage Rate 2022
- For Employers
- For Employees